EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS

LAST UPDATE ON August 4 11 a.m.

Antivirus Program – regime A

  • concerns the previously proposed regimes A and B, i.e.
    1. quarantine of employees
    2. ordered (by emergency measures) restriction or shutdown of employer’s operation
  • the employer shall receive 80% of employees’ average earnings including the health and social security insurance contributions (from the super gross salary)
    • but no more than CZK 39,000 per one employee/month

Antivirus Program – regime B

  • concerns the previously proposed regimes C, D and E, i.e.
    1. absence of significant number of employees
    2. “dead” time (fall of availability of inputs)
    3. partial unemployment (decrease in demand for employer’s good/services)
  • the employer shall receive 60% of employees’ average earnings including the health and social security insurance contributions (from the super gross salary)
    • but no more than CZK 29,000 per one employee/month

Program Antivirus – general conditions

  • an electronic request (via the electronic application)
  • full compliance with the Labour Code by the employer
  • only for non-dismissed employees based on the employment contract
  • an agreement with the Labour Office
  • paid after the payment of salary compensation and health and social contributions
  • the employer shall prove its entitlement in case of control
  • strict follow-up controls (possibility of refund of contribution)
  • specific conditions for work agencies

Deferral and pardon of social security contributions (so called Antivirus C regime)

  • pardon of social security contributions = possibility to decrease the assessment base for social security contributions paid for the employer; basic conditions:
    • employer with maximum of 50 employees
    • no more than 10% employees dismissed since March 31, 2020
    • no more than 10% decrease of wages in comparison to March 2020
    • employer duly and timely deducted the contributions for its employees
    • no concurrence with Antivirus A and/or B regime
  • compliance with the above conditions is assessed separately for each month
  • deferral of social security contributions = possibility to pay the social security contributions for the period between May and July 2020 until October 20, 2020
    • in case the employer decides to use the deferral → penalty from the outstanding amount is decreased by 80% (the rate is 4% p.a., i.e. 1% per quarter)
    • does not concern social security contributions for employees

Carer’s allowance

  • allowance shall be provided during the period of closure of schools and other children’s facilities, but also some social services for the disabled
  • following persons are entitled
    • parents of children under 13 years
    • persons caring for older handicapped children attending school
    • persons who, due to the closure of some social services facilities (day care centers, etc.), take care of the elderly handicapped who live with them in their common household
  • two carers can now take care of the children/handicapped more than once and without limits
  • will be paid retroactively at the date of the emergency measures
  • increased to 80% of the reduced daily assessment base starting from April 1
  • nursing for self-employed
    • during the period the schools are closed
    • applications are accepted from April 1 to April 30
    • CZK 424 per day in quarantine / family member care, CZK 500 per day starting from April 1
    • application form submitted to the Ministry of Industry and Trade
    • further conditions are specified here

Reliefs for self-employed

  • pardon of the pension insurance payments
    • state shall pay for self-employed persons the advance payments for pension insurance contributions and state employment policy contributions for the calendar months from March to August 2020
  • pardon of the public health insurance payments
    • state shall pay for self-employed persons the advance payments for public health insurance for the calendar months from March to August 2020 
  • nursing for self-employed
    • for the period from March 12 to March 31 (may be extended)
    • applications are accepted from April 1 to April 30
    • CZK 424 per day in quarantine / family member care
    • application form submitted to the Ministry of Industry and Trade
    • further conditions are specified here
  • compensation bonus for self-employed
    • one-time tax bonus in the amount up to CZK 25,000 (CZK 500 per day)
    • further information is here

Compensatory bonus for workers outside of employment contract

  • employees performing work under other than employment contract, who contribute to the health insurance system, whose performance of work was restrained or impossible due to the coronavirus crisis
  • CZK 350 per day
  • for the period from 12 March 2020 to 8 June 2020
  • the applicant must have worked for at least 4 out of 6 months prior to the crisis (from 1 October 2019 to 31 March 2020)
  • people with more sources of income than agreement on working activity or performance of work will are ineligible for this bonus
  • will be distributed by tax offices on the basis of an application (a simple form will have to be filled in)

Restrictive measures related to employers and employees

State of Emergency

  • effective from March 12 to May 17
  • for the whole Czech Republic

Ban on entry of foreigners into the Czech Republic

  • protective measure of the Ministry of Health (ref. No. starts as MZDR 20599)
  • obligation on people who have stayed more than 12 hours in the last 14 days in the territory of a state where the risk of COVID-19 is increased to undertake a test for the infection by SARS-CoV-2 (The list safe countries available here)
  • number of exceptions
  • further conditions and rules are set out by the Ministry of the Interior available on their website

Restriction of free movement of persons and mass events

  • extraordinary measure of the Ministry of Health (ref. No. starts as MZDR 20588)
  • general prohibition has been cancelled – currently only selected events/fields are regulated
  • ban on outdoor events with number of participants over 1000, indoor events with number of participants over 500
  • obligation to protect respiratory tract at events with number of participants over 100

Prohibition of free movement for persons not wearing respiratory protective equipment (mouth and nose)

  • general prohibition on the entire territory of the Czech republic has been cancelled – currently restrictions apply only in selected regions
  • extraordinary measures of individual regional hygienic station (Prague region, Ústní nad Labem region, Moravian-Silesian region)

Prohibition of personal school attendance

  • extraordinary measure of the Ministry of Health (ref. No. starts as MZDR 20584)
  • schools are planned to be fully open from the beginning of the school year under the hygiene rules and standards

Prohibition of retail sale and sale of services in establishments

  • extraordinary measure of the Ministry of Health (ref. No. starts as MZDR 20581)
  • conditions set for specific types of sale

Prohibition of visits in healthcare facilities and social services facilities

  • extraordinary measure of the Ministry of Health (ref. No. starts as MZDR 16214)
  • specific rules for healthcare facilities in which on-board medical care is provided

Adding coronavirus to the list of contagious human diseases

  • concerns criminal acts of Spreading of Contagious Human Diseases (whether willful or out of negligence)
  • punishments are prison sentence from 6 months to 12 years (willful) or up to 10 years (negligence)

Prohibition of re-export of medicines delivered to the Czech Republic

  • currently set out by Governmental Regulation No. 104/2020 Coll., as amended by Governmental Regulation No. 146/2020 Sb Coll.

Restriction for recipients and providers of social services

  • extraordinary measure of the Ministry of Health (ref. No. starts as MZDR 20593)
  • suspension and restriction of servises provided for client aged over 50 y.o.

Use of soldiers and customs officers

  • currently set out by Governmental Regulations (No. 83/2020 Coll., No. 318/2020 Coll.)
  • rescue work and assistance to the the Ministry of Health and regional higienic stations in managing SARS-CoV-2 epidemic
  • to fulfil tasks of the Czech Police when ensuring internal order and safety with the aim of protecting lives, health and property of persons and for compliance with safety measures related to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic

Ban on prescribing the medicine Plaquenil

  • extraordinary measure of the Ministry of Health (ref. No. starts as MZDR 12756)

Information regarding České dráhy, a.s. (Czech Rails)

  • limited operation (details are here)

Limitation of operation of Česká pošta, s.p. (Czech Post)

  • partial limitation of operations in selected regions of the Czech republic (details are here)

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